To compel obedience to yahweh by members of the new community by reminding them of. The chapter naturally falls into the following divisions. The levites numbered by their families, their duties. The king of arad, the canaanite, who dwelt in the south, heard that israel was coming on the road to atharim, then he fought against israel and took some of them prisoners. It might, too, be called the book of murmurings because from beginning to end it is filled with the spirit of rebellion against god. Genesis 21 is proof of this kind of blessing in the life of the christian. Yet, israel petitioned god who heard them and helped them destroy the canaanites of the south. And here they scoff at the impotency not only of the moabites, but of their god also, who could not save his people from the sword of sihon and the amorites. Chapter 21 starts the third part of the book of numbers. We also see how sarah relied again on her own power and didnt rest in gods promise. Book of genesis chapter 01 chapter 02 chapter 03 chapter 04 chapter 05 chapter 06 chapter 07 chapter 08 chapter 09 chapter 10 chapter 11 chapter 12 chapter chapter 14 chapter 15 chapter 16 chapter 17 chapter 18 chapter 19 chapter 20 chapter 21 chapter 22 chapter 23 chapter 24 chapter 25 chapter 26. The lord jesus mentions the serpent as a symbol of his death on the cross john 3. King arad the canaaniterather, the canaanite king of aradan ancient town on the southernmost borders of palestine, not far from kadesh.
Hamilton the book of genesis 2 volumes new international commentary on the old testament eerdmans. Isaac, the child of promise born into abrahams family v. God blessed abraham, he gave him wealth genesis 12. As i was in the process of checking them out, i discovered something interesting. In the list of chapter 33, there occur two other stations, zahnonah and phunon, between mount hor and oboth. Read numbers commentary using matthew henry commentary on the whole bible complete. A word list at the end explains words with a star by them. It is a combination of historical narrative and legislation as well as the ancient poetic oracles i. Numbers 21 commentary matthew henry commentary on the whole. King arad the canaaniterather, the canaanite king of arad an ancient town on the southernmost borders of palestine, not far from kadesh. The hebrew name for these books is the torah, which means law. The words of this and the following verse seem to be not a part of that triumphant song made, by some amoritish poet, which seems to be concluded, numbers 21. He took care to have his title to the well cleared and confirmed, to prevent any disputes or quarrels for the future, genesis 21. We would love to see and read such ancient literature lost to history.
The book of exodus is the second book of the bible and describes the exodus, which includes. Numbers 21 commentary, one of over 110 bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the church of christ, presents a verse level look at the bible. I found the three good commentaries that were not in my own library. Free bible commentary on genesis chapters 111 in easy english. The book of numbers narrates a key chapter in the story of israel. Stephen dray genesis lecture notes unpublished victor p. Fiery serpents hebrew, nechashim, the plural of the word translated serpent, genesis 3.
The book of genesis new international commentary on the old testament series 117 hamilton, victor p. Abraham, distressed on the account, is ordered by the lord to comply, 11,12. The following are five of the most helpful commentaries on this neglected book of scripture. The book of genesis new international commentary on the old. Commentary on the book of numbers by matthew henry old. The book of genesis, the first book of the hebrew bible and the old testament, is an account of the creation of the world and the origins of the jewish people it is divisible into two parts, the primeval history chapters 111 and the ancestral history chapters 1250. Numbers commentary matthew henry commentary on the.
Thirteen years after the birth of ishmael the son of abram, god appears to abram. The vision concerning the promised seed is for an appointed time, and now, at the end, it speaks, and does not lie. The book of genesis new international commentary on the old testament series 117. God responds with shortterm severity and longterm generosity as he leads them into the promised land. God separates the earth from the waters, and makes it fruitful.
The background to genesis 21 is one that abraham would have preferred moses not bother to record in holy writ. We would at least have expected abrahams unbelief to have been exposed and finally conquered in chapter 20, but it did not happen. Carol meyers, in her commentary on exodus, suggests that it is arguably the most important book in. We have provided this method as a convenience to our users. This chapter details the birth of isaac genesis 21. This incident takes place near the end of moses life and the conclusion of israels wandering in the wilderness. Theyve been in this same spot for about a year and now theyre getting ready to start out on their journey to this land flowing with milk and honey that god keeps talking about. And when king arad the canaanite, which dwelt in the south, heard tell that israel came by the way of the spies. It is justice, as well as wisdom, to do thus, in perptuam rei memoriamthat the circumstance may be perpetually remembered. Moses is the central figure within the book, and in at least two instances numbers mentions him recording events by the lords commands numbers 33. Verse by verse commentaries by book precept austin.
Then follow the rising up of korah chaps 16 and 17, the failure of moses and aaron ch. Numbers 21 commentary john gills exposition on the whole bible. He made a very handsome present to abimelech, genesis 21. Numbers chapter 21 summary began with a number of the israelites taken as prisoners by a king arad of canaan. Sep 10, 20 this is session 01 of 24 all of which are a indepth bible study on genesis. Numbers 21 to 36 free bible commentary in easy english. The message of the book of numbers, is universal and timeless. Numbers 21 commentary peter petts commentary on the bible. In genesis chapter 21, we see th e purpose, power, and faithfulness of god in his promise fulfilled. To his mind, the biblical six days of creation and lyells principles of geology could not both.
David guziks commentary on the book of genesis, beginning with gods creation of the universe in genesis 1. Abrahams age, and sarahs exultation at the birth of their son, 57. In this section, the israelites capture the lands of sihon, king of the amorites and og, king of bashan. Matthew henry 18 october 1662 22 june 1714 was an english commentator on the bible, who published his works in 1706, sixvolume exposition of the old and new testaments 17081710 or complete commentary, provides an exhaustive verse by verse study of the bible, covering the whole of the old testament, and the gospels and acts in the new testament. Numbers 21 commentary commentary critical and explanatory. God promises abram hed become a father of nations and changes his name to abraham. Genesis chapter 21 verse by verse bible commentary. Charles darwin himself discarded a mild protestant faith when he concluded that the author of genesis was a bad geologist. Numbers 21 new international version niv arad destroyed. He prepares, with the utmost promptitude, to accomplish the will of god, 36. Authorship this is the first book of the torah to name a written source, the book of the wars of yhwh, num. The influence of genesis in scripture is demonstrated by its being quoted over 35 times in the new testament and hundreds of allusions appearing in both testaments. If you will deliver these people into our hands, we will totally destroy their cities.
This page provides a method to go directly to a commentary by a specific author. Commentary for numbers 21 the canaanites of arad destroyed. Much of modern bible scholarship has become obsessed with source criticismthe attempt to try to figure out what literary sources went into the composition of a book of the bible. Understanding this first book, the book of genesis, is crucial to understanding the old testament and the entire bible. Therefore it is said in the book of the wars of the lord.
In addition to this, kings and great men will come out of him. This raiding king came from a canaanite city in the south i. Serpents are often used as pictures of evil in the bible genesis 3. You can find the best commentary on genesis for you using the tools on the right side. In this post, i will briefly describe five of the most generally helpful commentaries available on the first book of the bible. Numbers is also called the book of the march and the roll call numbers 33. Matthew henry commentary on the whole bible marshall morgan and scott.
Numbers 21 commentary matthew henry commentary on the. Two of the commentaries had never been checked out before. A glorious campaign this chapter gives us the history of, especially in the latter part of it. Commentary on the book of genesis by matthew henry old. The first chapter of genesis remains a great stumbling block for the modern mind. The story line of salvation which begins in genesis 3 is not completed until revelation chapters 21 and 22, where the eternal kingdom of redeemed believers is gloriously pictured. However, we do not feel this is the best method for using the blue letter bible.
Genesis 21 commentary matthew henry commentary on the. The book of genesis does not name its author and the book ends three centuries before the birth of moses. Add to this the age of isaac when he was weaned, which, from genesis 21. Leviticus 21 commentary leviticus 22 commentary leviticus 23 commentary leviticus 24 commentary leviticus 25 commentary leviticus 26 commentary leviticus 27 commentary. Study the bible online using commentary on numbers and more. Numbers 21 bible commentary wesleys explanatory notes. It describes a period of transition from the exodus generation to the generation that would enter the promised land. I also have many more chuck missler bible studies so please subscribe. Numbers with book summary versebyverse bible commentary. Numbers 21 niv arad destroyed when the canaanite bible. Ishmael, the son of the bondwoman, cast out of it v. Genesis chapter 21 questions and answers biblefied.
It reminds believers of the spiritual warfare in which they are engaged, for numbers is the book of the service and walk of gods people. Moshe initially asks these two kings for permission to pass peacefully through their lands in order to reach the land of israel. Book of numbers overview insight for living ministries. Yahweh will soon command joshua to commission joshua as his successor 27. The sons of aaron, the levites taken instead of the firstborn. An easyenglish bible version and commentary 2800 word vocabulary on the book of numbers. This chapter gives an account of the defeat of king arad, the canaanite, numbers 21. In fact, abraham never even acknowledged the sinfulness of his actions. After 40years of wandering in the wilderness, the people of israel were beginning to make contact with tribes south and east of the jordan river, starting with the edomites in chapter 20. They contain gods instructions about how his people should live. Read genesis commentary using commentary critical and explanatory on the whole bible. Genesis commentary commentary critical and explanatory. The faith and obedience of abraham put to a most extraordinary test, 1.
He is commanded to offer his beloved son isaac for a burntoffering, 2. This book is called numbers because there are many lists of numbers in it. This is session 01 of 24 all of which are a indepth bible study on genesis. Study the bible online using commentary on genesis and more. David guzik commentary on numbers 21, where god sends fiery serpents among the. Numbers 21 commentary john gills exposition on the. Genesis 21 commentary james burton coffman commentaries. The lord commands that he walk before god perfectly. The first book of the pentateuch is one of the most wellknown books of the bible.
Modern commentaries on the book of genesis can be almost worthless. Introduction while i was preparing to teach on the prophet balaam, i went to the church library to check out some of the best commentaries on the book of numbers. This was to lead the israelites to look more thoroughly to the lord. Hed heard israel came as spies against them and fought against them. But the whole of scripture, the talmud, the first century historian, josephus, and the early church are unanimous that he is the author. As it does for the rest of the pentateuch, universal jewish and christian tradition attributes the authorship of the book of numbers to moses. The book of numbers is coming to terms with the fact that the old generation will not see gods promises come to fruition. Keil and delitzsch biblical commentary on the old testament the israelites then vowed to the lord, that if he would give this people into their hands, they would ban their cities. The armies of israel now begin to emerge out of the wilderness, and to come into a land inhabited, to enter upon action, and take possession of the. While sojourning in gerar, abraham once again passed off his wife sarah as his sister. The book of numbers was written between 1440 and 1400 b.243 1002 646 998 956 187 1329 1303 770 676 1456 283 334 915 843 820 348 642 496 996 414 949 1437 944 177 159 408 1165 893 1143 324 119 1333 987 1160 415 1174 120